When undertaking a build project the various aspects of the project may appear extremely daunting. We are here to help!
Any build project may be broken down into stages and these stages may be further broken down and simplified. This produces a “road map” and the decision making process soon becomes much clearer. The following headings may assist in evaluating your project requirements.
Consider the project and it’s viability in relation to location, cost and achieving the end goal. Consider your main objectives, evaluate them and identify your goals.
Consider your budget or budget restrictions. Tender and appointed Lead Design Consultant (Architect or Architectural Technologist).
Once appointed and armed with the Client brief, the Lead Design Consultant will carry out a feasibility study of the Client proposal and evaluate the results of this prior to committing the Client to proceeding.
Outline Proposals - Scheme Design
Design scheme layout to identify achievable area of development and indicate all ancillary facilities such as car parking, drainage disposal etc. can be efficiently designed into the scheme taking account of any development guidelines for the area.
Following approval of the Scheme Design/Feasibility Study a Detail Design identifying more accurately layouts, elevations etc. is prepared. This may involve the input of a Structural Engineer and a Quantity Surveyor to accurately assess the proposals and all costs in relation.
Once costs have been fully assessed and agreed the proposal may progress at this stage for Planning Approval.
The Planning Approval process can be a complicated matter and further documents such as site survey drawings (showing adjacent buildings and properties) will be required in addition to the various forms, consultations and neighbour notifications. It must be pointed out that no Consultant can guarantee a Planning Approval as the process may (for example) highlight neighbouring objections to the proposal.
The Client may instruct the Lead Design Consultant to apply for a Building Warrant Approval at this stage or alternatively may wish to wait until the Planning Approval has been secured.
Following receipt of both Planning and Building Warrant Approvals the Client may construct the proposal and any further professional input will be negligible. Alternatively (for more complex proposals) the Client may instruct the Design Team to progress works to handover. The further stages of professional involvement could include:
Research the materials and finishes available. Identify those which are best suited to the project taking into consideration the site location and exposure, the method of construction and of course costs.
Bills of Quantities
Projects regardless of size will require some type of cost management. On smaller projects this may be calculated on a simple square metre basis however on larger or more complex projects a fully priced Bill of Quantities will be required. This ensures that the Client is aware of projected costs prior to tender action. The Bill of Quantities also provides for accurate cost management during the construction process.
Having established every aspect of the design, materials and finishes for the project the Lead Design Consultant invites suitable contractors to tender for the works. On receipt the tender is examined and a Contractor appointed to carry out the works.
The Architect/Architectural Technologist (Lead Design Consultant) is usually the Project Administrator responsible for ensuring that the Design Team (including the Main Contractor) is informed and up to date, Health and Safety considerations are in place and an agreed timeframe for completion is understood. The PA will advise on and hold regular site meetings with all the relevant parties to ensure that works progress on time and on budget.
During site works the PA will check that the materials in use and the workmanship standards are as agreed.
At completion the PA will carry out final inspections (and may co-ordinate the Local Authority Final Inspections), issue and check snagging lists for compliance, Issue Practical Completion and Payment Certificates, issue Final Accounts and “As-Built” drawings.
Following the retention period the PA will check the project for full compliance and issue the Completion Certificate and final Payment Certificate.